Texas Tech University

Human Health Outcomes Key to Equine-Assisted Counseling & Wellness Lab

Haleigh Erramouspe

November 13, 2018


The lab uses horses to help people cope with a variety of mental illnesses.

Researchers in the Texas Tech University College of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources (CASNR) are making a positive impact on the lives of those struggling with mental health issues through its work at the Therapeutic Riding Teaching and Research Arena.

In the arena, Katy Schroeder, an assistant professor in the Department of Animal & Food Sciences, is using equine-assisted mental health programs to help clients of all ages in the Lubbock community overcome a broad spectrum of mental health issues.

Schroeder was a horse professional first and said she wanted to incorporate her horse knowledge into a career in human services. While working at a therapeutic riding center in Oregon, she realized the field was the perfect fit for her career interests and went back to school to get her graduate and doctoral degrees in counseling.

Equine-Assisted Counseling & Wellness Lab
Katy Schroeder (right) with Kandis Cazenave, a graduate student pursuing her master's degree in animal science with a focus on equine-assisted interventions for military service members.

Schroeder is now the director of Texas Tech's Equine-Assisted Counseling & Wellness Lab at the arena.

Her primary roles in the department are to develop equine-assisted counseling services for the members of the Lubbock community, introduce students to equine-assisted mental health and research how human-equine interactions influence human health and well-being.

“The main focus for the lab has been how we can look at human health outcomes and what's going on in the relationship with the horse that might be influencing those outcomes,” Schroeder said.

Schroeder works with clients who have a variety of mental-health concerns, including anxiety, depression and posttraumatic stress, all of which can lead to feelings of low self-esteem or low self-confidence. The horses can assist with the counseling sessions in different ways, depending on the issue the client wants to address.

For anxiety issues, Schroeder said she likes to start with having the client do breathing and grounding exercises with the horse. Asking the client to place their hands on the horse, then watch the horse's breath go in and out helps the client focus on the present moment and practice rhythmic breathing, which can be a positive coping skill for reducing anxiety.

When a client experiences low self-confidence, Schroeder said she will teach them horsemanship skills. She will have the client do basic activities such as leading, trotting in hand and maneuvering through obstacle courses. Having the client learn to communicate with a large animal they may have never before interacted with builds their self-esteem, she said, as well as problem-solving skills, both of which are important for building a positive mood and better self-image.

After each client interacts with the horses, Schroeder and the client process what happened and begin to work their interaction with the horses into the client's counseling goals. They talk about what went well, what the client's strengths were and what the client noticed about how he or she communicated with the horse. They then move on to discussing how the clients can integrate the confidence and positive communication used with the horses into their daily lives.

Schroeder said there are two developing research projects taking place in the Equine-Assisted Counseling & Wellness Lab, one concerning childhood obesity and the other concerning the mental health and well-being of veterans.

The study on childhood obesity is a joint effort with researchers from two departments in the College of Arts & Sciences – Jason Van Allen in the Department of Psychological Sciences and Emily Dhurandhar in the Department of Kinesiology and Sport Management.

Van Allen was researching a family-based obesity intervention, “Positively Fit,” when Schroeder and Dhurandhar approached him with an idea to integrate horses into the curriculum. They piloted the “Equine-Assisted Positively Fit” curriculum this past spring with families in the Lubbock area and have seen positive results in how horses can improve the health and well-being of young people's lives.

The study on the mental health and well-being of veterans was initiated by Schroeder's graduate student, Kandis Cazanave, and participant recruitment started this summer. It is also a joint study with the Department of Kinesiology and Sport Management with researchers Jacalyn McComb and graduate student Cruz Hernandez, Dhurandhar and Tangi Irwin, the program director for the Therapeutic Riding Center. The researchers will evaluate the effects of therapeutic riding on veterans' health, looking for changes in physiological- and mental-health outcomes though measurements of changes in stress and strength.

Schroeder said she is excited to see the growth of the Equine-Assisted Counseling & Wellness Lab and is looking for students who are interested in helping out.

“We want to welcome, not just students in our department, but many different disciplines, because this is a unique program where we not only need students with horse backgrounds or equine-science backgrounds, but also students that are interested in mental health components and human development,” Schroeder said. “So we have a unique opportunity here for students across colleges to work together in these programs at the Therapeutic Riding Center.”