February 21, 2011
After years of organizing, The Museum of Texas Tech University will host Deadly Medicine: Creating the Master Race, a traveling exhibition produced by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
The exhibition, which explores how Nazis used the idea of genetic purification first on the mentally and physically disabled before implementing it for a radical racial purification to form the “master race,” is housed in the Diamond M gallery and runs until Aug. 7.
Lubbock will be the only stop this exhibition will make in Texas before moving to New York and retiring.
Lynne Fallwell, an assistant professor of history at Texas Tech specializing in German and medical history, is one of the key organizers responsible for bringing the exhibition to Lubbock.
“I was a Fellow at the U.S. Holocaust Museum the summer they were putting Deadly Medicine together,” Fallwell said. “They were looking for venues that had both a medical school and an arts and humanities school as well as places in the middle of the country that might not get exposed to this sort of an exhibition. Of course, I thought of Texas Tech. We seem to be the ideal center to house this sort of exhibition.”
Though mainly associated with the Nazis, Fallwell said eugenics theory sprang from turn-of-the-20th century beliefs asserting that Charles Darwin’s theories of “survival of the fittest” could be applied to humans.
Supporters, spanning the globe and political spectrum, believed that through careful controls on marriage and reproduction, a nation’s genetic health could be improved. Some of its staunchest supporters included leaders in the United States, Great Britain and other parts of Western Europe, she said.
From 1933 to 1945, Nazi Germany carried out a campaign to “cleanse” German society of individuals viewed as biological threats to the nation’s “health.”
Enlisting the help of physicians and medically trained geneticists, psychiatrists and anthropologists, the Nazis developed racial health policies that began with the mass sterilization of “genetically diseased” people and ended with the near annihilation of European Jewry.
Eugenics and racial purity, she said, was the third front in Hitler’s war. Besides the Western and Eastern Fronts, it became a quintessential part of the Nazi movement.
“We’re often quick to look at the Nazis as a unique example of evil without looking at how they came together, and how this happened,” Fallwell said. “There is universality to all humans here. This exhibition raises so many moral and ethical questions about medical practice. However, it’s not just about medical ethics, though. It’s also about how we treat other human beings. Why do we make the classifications that we do? Humans are pack animals, but why are we so quick to make distinctions among ourselves?”
To relate this history, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum has assembled objects, photographs, documents, and historic film footage from European and American collections and presents them in settings evoking medical and scientific environments.
Deadly Medicine: Creating the Master Race inspires reflection on the continuing attraction of biological utopias that promote the possibility of human perfection. From the early 20th-century international eugenics movements to present-day dreams of eliminating inherited disabilities through genetic manipulation, the issues remain timely.
The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum’s educational initiative on Deadly Medicine: Creating the Master Race has been underwritten in part by The David Berg Foundation; the Dorot Foundation; The Blanche and Irving Laurie Foundation; The Lerner Foundation The Rosenbluth Family–Al, Sylvia, Bill, and Jerry; Eric F. and Lore Ross; The Samberg Family Foundation; and the Viterbi Family Foundation of the Jewish Community Foundation of San Diego.
For a media version of the video, go to www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wb-ZMUXFmgw
To watch the complete video package, go to www.youtube.com/watch?v=fCN0z9yGW0c
CONTACT: Lynne Fallwell, assistant professor, Department of History, Texas Tech University, (806) 742-3744 or firstname.lastname@example.org; David K. Dean, director of museum information services, Museum of Texas Tech University, (806) 742-2442 or email@example.com