Feelings of Fullness Affected by Fat Factor
Texas Tech research shows foods rich in certain fatty acids can have different effects.
Written by Callie Jones
Study shows good evidence that people should eat more foods rich in PUFAs, such as almonds, walnuts and salmon.
For people focused on eating healthy, science traditionally touts foods rich in monosaturated fatty acids (MUFAs), like olive oil, avocado and varieties of nuts, as being a better alternative to foods rich in saturated fatty acids (SFAs), like cream cheese, butter and fatty meats.
However, as those who consume MUFAs regularly may attest, these foods may not fill them up for very long. Now, there’s some evidence to back that up.
A team led by a Texas Tech University researcher is looking at how dietary fats affect satiety and feelings of fullness.
In a recently completed study, the team determined that polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and SFAs lead to greater satiety than MUFAs.
“Because MUFAs lead to greater heart health than do PUFAs or SFAs, it might be helpful in terms of satiety for people to eat something in addition to foods containing MUFAs, such as a lean protein,” said Jamie Cooper, assistant professor in the Department of Nutritional Sciences.
The study was completed by comparing how meals rich in PUFAs, SFAs or MUFAs affected the satiety hormone, peptide YY (PYY) in normal weight females.
Meals rich in PUFAs and SFAs had a greater response than those rich in MUFAs on PYY levels in research subjects. Research subjects also reported greater feelings of fullness after meals rich in SFAs than those rich in PUFAs or SFAs.
However, Cooper explained maintaining a diet rich in MUFAs still is important for overall health.
Despite feelings of fullness, Cooper said it’s important not to overeat foods rich in SFAs because they can have negative health consequences.
Cooper said the research is good evidence that people should be eating more foods rich in PUFAs, such as almonds, walnuts and salmon, in addition to taking fish oil pills.
Cooper’s team will follow up this research with a similar study on obese female subjects.
Jamie Cooper is an assistant professor in the Department of Nutrition, Hospitality and Retailing in the College of Human Sciences at Texas Tech.
View her profile in our online Experts Guide.